What is AFR 100?
Africa restoring 100 million hectares of deforested and
degraded land by 2030
AFR100 is the African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative, an effort led by ten countries to bring 100 million hectares of land in Africa into restoration by 2030. The initiative was launched formally at COP 21 in Paris and is currently adopted by the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Niger, Rwanda, Togo and Uganda. It is bringing political leadership together with an ambitious package of financial and technical resources to support largescale forest landscape restoration across Africa for the first time in the history of the continent.
• Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) is a key ingredient of the global movement to adapt to and mitigate climate change. Analysts have said that the move is pivotal to the development of the African continent, having lost such large swathes of its landmass to deforestation and land degradation in recent history. Albeit this degradation is widely seen as currently hindering Africa's sustainable economic development and its resilience to climate change, there does exist great potential to reverse the cycle. Africa has the largest restoration opportunity of any continent in the world – more than 700 million hectares of degraded land, or an area the size of Australia. FLR benefits can extend well beyond an increase in the density of trees on the land, as has been demonstrated in many areas across the continent where restoration has:
• Boosted landscape productivity
• Improved food and water security
• Increased climate change resilience
• Reduced disaster risk
• Combated desertification
• Conserved biodiversity
There are a number of ways to restore these landscapes in order to generate economic and social returns, as well as help protect climate, biodiversity and rural livelihoods, such as:
• Restoring mosaic landscapes: Establish and manage trees on agricultural land, either through planting or natural regeneration. This practice is known as “agroforestry” when trees are intercropped with agricultural crops, or “silvopasture” when trees are integrated into livestock production systems.
• Restoration of forests: Planting or natural regeneration of trees on degraded or deforested land. Degraded land can be restored to natural forests for ecosystem services and a carbon sink. In some cases, degraded land can also be restored into productive forests for timber, fuelwood and other forest products.
AFR 100 will support the Bonn Challenge, a global commitment to restore 150 million hectares of land around the world by 2020, the New York Declaration on Forests, that builds on and extends the Bonn Challenge to 350 million hectares by 2030 and the African Resilient Landscapes Initiative (ARLI), an initiative to promote integrated landscape management with the goal of adapting to and mitigating climate change. Nine financial partners and ten technical assistance providers have pledged support, led by the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD Agency), Germany's Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and World Resources Institute (WRI). These organizations will facilitate dialogue between governments, civil society, and the private sector to build an effective coalition that can achieve the initiative's goals. AFR100 partners are set to earmark more than $1 billion in development finance and more than $540 million in private sector impact investment to support restoration activities.
Rift Valley intends making contribution to AFR100 through its flagship environmental project, LAGRI, in Northern Mozambique. This project looks to securing habitat protection for up to 1 million hectares; a major support to the goals set by AFR100.